District Vetinary Hospital
Nagapattinam 611 001
Fishing along with Para marine activities like Dry fish ,Prawn farming constitues the second Major economy for the district. The marine ecosystem provides mankind with food, medicines, industrial products and pleasure.
One of the major economies of the District, Agriculture contributes a higher share of Rice Production in the State. We have raised so many important agricultural crop in our District. Rice, Groundnut, Pulses, Gingelly, Sugarcane and Cotton.
Animal Husbandry and Agriculture are the twin occupations, which from time memorial have played a significant role in improving the rural economy. Livestock sector is directly linked to the livelihoods of more than 70% of rural households. Cattle wealth is still considered as an index of wealth among rural community. Livestock rearing provides meaningful occupation both full time and subsidiary at the location itself and provides assured income and ensures better utilization of human resources. It provides employment especially self employment to a substantial number of rural and urban population, many of whom are women who play a major role in the care and management of livestock. Moreover, they provide the much needed balanced nutritious animal protein in the form of milk, meat and egg and improve the house hold's food security and also contribute in improving the national nutritional standards. Apart from that, livestock also provides raw Husbandry contributes significantly in supplementing the income of small farmers, marginal farmers and landless labourers. Livestock is not only important source of income to the rural poor but also heaps them sustain livelihood in times of drought and famine. The hidden potential growth needs to be explored which ensures better quality of life to the rural farmer and envisages the rural economy. Thus, Animal Husbandry can act as a powerful instrument for the comprehensive socio-economic transformation of rural people and trigger the economy. Livestock Development Plays an important role in Nagapattinam next to Agriculture.
Apart from that, livestock also provides raw materials in the form of blood, bones, offal, skin, hide, hoof, horns, bristles and hair to many nonfarm industries like pharmaceutical, leather and byproducts industry. Bullocks that are mainly used for draught power also provide bio-friendly organic manure and boost soil fertility. Animal Husbandry will be a lucrative occupation for alleviating poverty, unemployment and rural transformation besides reducing the migration of human population to urban areas from rural areas.
The Animal Husbandry Department of Tamil Nadu has been engaging itself on all the Livestock development and health cover activities, positively influencing the economy of the poor and downtrodden who are dependants on livestock rearing for their livelihood.
One Regional Joint Director of AH Monitors the entire AH activities in Nagapattinam District. The Joint Director of AH is assisted in the field with two Asst. Director of AH who is having jurisdiction over both the districts. Each manned by one Vetinary Asst. Surgeon, one Livestock Inspector and Two animal Husbandry Assistant.In addition to that there are 51 Veterinary Sub Centers to give first aid and Artificial Insemination. Works manned by one Livestock Inspector. There are two Clinician Centers, 3 Vetinary . Hospitals in this District. Each manned by one Clinician, one Vetinary Asst. Surgeon, one Senior Vetinary Livestock Supervisor, three Animal Husbandry Asst., and one vetinary . Surgon, one Livestock Inspector, Two Animal Husbandry Asst.,There are
- 23 Veterinary Dispensaries
- 2 Mobile Veterinary Units
- 1 Dist. Rinderpest Squad
This Department was started in 1892 as Civil Veterinary Department to provide various aids to the needy farmers, and then renamed as Animal Husbandry Department in 1948. Animal Husbandry Department is headed by Director of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services, Chennai- 6.
- Enhances the production potentialities of livestock and Poultry and thus increasing the milk production, meat and wool
- Providing necessary and timely modern veterinary assistances and health cover to the livestock and poultry
- Implementing various central and state government schemes for the rural poor upliftment
- Providing information and training on basic and latest animal husbandry practices
- Protecting human health by preventing major zoonotic diseases of animals
- Disseminating latest technical knowhow to the livestock owners through extension activities
CATTLE PROTECTION SCEHEMS
To Create awareness among livestock owner 143 cattle protection camps are conducted in the remote villages to have veterinary aid at their door step to the livestock owners.
DISTRIBUTION OF FODDER MINIKITS
To Popularize the fodder Development activities protein rich fodder minikits were distributed to livestock owners free of cost. An acheivement of 62 SC/ST Families was touched as against the target of 40 families
BACKYARD POULTRY SCHEME
Under the scheme a Standard of 15 Beneficiaries per panchyat union has been fixed. According from 11 Panchyat Unions of Nagapattinam District 165 Beneficiaries have been selected.
|One Unit||1 Cock + 9 Hens|
|Per Unit Cost||Rs. 600/- (Including Transport Charges Rs.100)|
SPECIAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME
INTENSIVE RDVK VACCINATION
Camps were conducted to prevent mortality of desibirds from Ranjket diseases in 390 villages of 390 Nagapattinam District from 2-2-2003 to 14-2-03 special camps period.
Foot and Mouth, sheep pox, P.P.R. out break diseases are prevalent in Nagapattinam District and they have been effectively controlled by this department after taking prompt steps to prevent the prevalence of the disease by doing preventive vaccination and timely treatment.
NADRS [national animal disesase reporting system]
In order to have on time view of diseases flooding out on livestock population, A web based National level Monitoring system has been developed and put into use. All the eleven vetinary dispendaries along with the District unit at nagapattinam has been provided due ICT infrastructure and training has been given to the Assistant surgeons
The National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS) is a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme being implemented by Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) during 2010-11 through National Informatics Centre.
The NADRS will involve a computerized network, integrating both MIS and GIS, which would link each block, district and the State/UT headquarters in the country to the Central Disease Reporting & Monitoring Unit (CDRMU) in the DADF at New Delhi. All the notified diseases scheduled in the `The Prevention and Control of Infectious & Contagious Diseases in Animals Act 2009 will be included in this reporting system.
- Improve operational efficiency of the Department
- Provide instant alerts to all concerned about Animal Disease Outbreaks, Remedial measures, etc
- Prevent revenue losses by better management of Animal Health
- Disseminate information related to animal diseases to all stakeholders in a timely and efficient manner
- Have an integrated Management Information System for better decision support
- To systematize the existing record keeping procedure
- To reduce workload under the manual system thereby increasing efficiency with effective use of ICT
- To improve the quality of the information generated by district level offices
- Speed & Accuracy of data dissemination related to Animal diseases to all stakeholders
Mobile Veterinary Units
Mobile Veterinary Units manned by Veterinary Assistant Surgeons provide veterinary health services like vaccination, deworming and breeding coverage like Artificial Insemination to livestock reared by farmers residing in remote areas who face difficulties to reach veterinary institutions. These units go around their area of operation on a scheduled programme. The services provided by these units are well recognized by the public as they provide benefits at their doorsteps.
Sub-Centres are manned by Livestock Inspectors and provide first-aid to ailing animals besides carrying out Artificial Insemination for cows and buffaloes. Their services are also utilized for vaccination and deworming under the technical guidance of Veterinary Assistant Surgeon. At present, 900 Sub-Centres are functioning in various parts of the State.
Benefits to Livestock Owners
- Better management of diseases of their livestock.
- Availability of veterinary service.
- Increased economic gain from higher productivity of animals.
- Improved market acceptability of their livestock products.
Benefits to Animal Husbandry Administration
- Availability of a common channel for dissemination of animal disease information to all stakeholders.
- Availability of SMS-based instant alert system for outbreak of diseases, spread of diseases, remedial measures and expert advice, enabling prompt control of diseases.
- Availability of enhanced decision support system with GIS integration for effective and timely decision making.
Benefits to Economy
- Increased livestock production and productivity.
- Improved market acceptability of domestic livestock products in international trade.
- Saving of costs otherwise incurred for treatment of animals.
- Fillip to the growth of the livestock sector, leading to increased employment generation and higher availability of animal protein to the population.
Veterinary health services are provided by field Veterinary institutions, which include 6 Polyclinics, 22 Clinician Centres, 139 Veterinary Hospitals, 2,236 Veterinary Dispensaries and 56 Mobile Veterinary Units. National Commission on Agriculture (NCA) recommended one Veterinary Institution for every 5,000 cattle units by the year 2000 to ensure proper health care. In Tamil Nadu, there are 162.74 lakhs cattle units, which require 3,255 veterinary institutions to fulfill the norms of NCA. During 2011-12, 444 Veterinary Dispensaries and 585 Rural Veterinary Dispensaries were added to the existing 1,207 veterinary institutions to narrow this gap. The services provided in the above institutions are:
- Artificial insemination
- Treating infertility cases.
- Cases treatment
- Extension Services
- Implementation of various schemes and
- Training to Farmers