District Headquarters Hospital
Nagapttinam 611 001
Tourism Plays a Key Economy for the District even though Agriculture and Fishing are the Major ones. Shrines, Places of Hindu Faith, Mosques forms the Spritual Tourism for the district. Annual Festivals and functions marks glory of the Year. Heritages like Tarangam padi Fort, Poompuhar speaks of the rich civilization of this land.
One of the major economies of the District, Agriculture contributes a higher share of Rice Production in the State. We have raised so many important agricultural crop in our District. Rice, Groundnut, Pulses, Gingelly, Sugarcane and Cotton.
The National Family Welfare Programme is being implemented in Tamil Nadu since 1956 purely on voluntary basis. It is viewed and implemented as people's programme aimed to raise the Standard of living of the people and improve the Maternal and Child Health and thereby reduce population growth. Tamil Nadu now follows the "Community Needs Assessment Approach" to implement the Family Welfare and Maternal & Child Health programmes in the State.
Family Welfare Programme is intended to provide maternal and child health care and thereby to bring down the growth rate of population. It is also intended to avoid higher order of birth [i.e. birth of more than two children in a family] and prevention of female foeticide and female infanticide. This is a countrywide programme implemented with the 100% financial assistance from Government of India.
State Commission on Population
The Government of Tamil Nadu have constituted "State Commission on Population" under the Chairmanship of Hon'ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. The State Commission on Population has been constituted to oversee and review "State Population Policy 2007" in the State.
Indicators and GoalsThe demographic scenario of Tamil Nadu for 2009 is furnished below :
|1.||Crude Birth Rate||16.3/1000 population|
|2.||Crude Death Rate||7.6/1000 population|
|3.||Infant Mortality Rate||28.0/1000 live births|
|4.||Maternal Mortality Ratio||85/100000 Deliveries|
|5.||Natural Growth Rate||0.86 percent|
Health and Family Welfare Department - Government of Tamil Nadu is attempting to achieve the following demographic goals in Tamil Nadu by the end of the Eleventh Five Year Plan i.e., as on March 31, 2012.
|2.||Infant Morality Rate||20/1000 Live Births|
|3.||Crude Birth Rate||14/1000 population|
|4.||Total Fertility Rate||1.4|
|5.||Maternal Mortality Ratio||45/100000 Live Births|
Family Welfare Centres
The following family welfare centers are functioning to render Family Welfare Services in the District.
|1.||Post Partum Centres||03|
|2.||Urban Family Welfare Centres||02|
|3.||Urban Health Posts||05|
|4.||Rural Family Welfare Centres||30|
|5.||Approved Nursing Homes||23|
Family Welfare and Maternal and Child Health activities are carried out in District through these Centers. Out of the total Sterilization Performance in this District 81.6% of Sterilization are performed in the Government institutions, 0% in Voluntary Organizations, 13.5% in approved Nursing Homes, 0% in local bodies and 4.9% in unapproved Nursing Homes as on March 2011.
Qualification for the doctors doing family planning sterilizations:
As per the Directions of the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India passed in W.P. No. 209/ 2003 [recorded on 26.7.2007] have made clear guidelines for the doctors who are doing sterilizations. As per the guidelines the ordinary sterilization operation can be carried out by the trained MBBs doctors and such doctors who are authorized by the Ministry of Health to conduct the operations and those doctors who possess MBBS qualification with DGO / MD [Gynecology] / MS surgery and or trained for Laparoscopic surgery, can perform the Laparoscopic surgeries.
- MTP with IUD and OP
- Condom Distribution
- Oral Pill distribution & follow-up
Family Welfare Permanent Methods
- TAT, PS, Laparoscopic Sterilisation and MTP with Tubectomy, No Scalpel Vasectomy, Minilap.
- At PHC level upto 8 weeks of Pregnancy
- At PPC and UFWC level upto 20 weeks of Pregnancy
- Trained Doctors and Equipments available
No Scalpel Vasectomy [NSV]The method of No Scalpel Vasectomy for males is very simple and has the following advantages:
- Very simple
- This can be done in a matter of 5 minutes without knife & suture and the patient can be discharged after a few hours and can resume normal duties on the same day.
- NSV is not a hindrance to strenuous activities.
- There is no fear of loosing manliness.
- No need to stay in Hospitals.
NSV service is available in Medical College Hospital, Government Hospitals and in Primary Health Centres.
Hence, men having more than 2 living children and who's wives are not fit for sterilisation like anemia, heart diseases, infection etc. can undergo NSV and raise upto the occasion and be a source of removal of gender inequality. More higher order births [More than 2 children ] can be reduced if males accept NSV and the Birth Rate of Tamil Nadu can be brought down to 14 per 1000 population in 2012 A.D. from the present level of 16.3 per 1000 population.
- Sterilization facilities for willing father and mother.
- Providing temporary family welfare methods like Copper-T insertion, Oral pill cycles and condoms for spacing between births.
- Medical Termination of Pregnancy services are also available in government hospitals and approved private nursing homes.
- Emergency contraception.
- Information, Education and Communication [IEC] is an important component in the Family Welfare Programme both at the State and the District level.
- At District level, various publicity activities are carried out through Women's Development Corporation. IEC Activities also carried out through C.C.TV. Family Welfare leaders camps at Block and District level, Seminar for Population Education for College students, Exhibition, Group discussions are being held.
CompensationSterilization is free for all acceptors. During hospitalization for delivery followed by sterilization, diet, medicine and transport are also free. In addition, based on the approval of Mission steering group of National Rural Health Mission, Government of India have revised Compensation Package for the acceptors of Male and Female sterilizations to boost up overall performance and same is being implement with effect from 3.6.2008.